Priyanka Singh1, Rajnee*2, Urmila Chaudhary2, Garima Jeswani2, Bhanwar Lal Jat3, Vikram Singh3, Raaz K Maheshwari4
1Department of Pharmaceutical Science, MD University, Rohtak, Haryana, India
2Department of Physiology, SN Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
3Department of Botany, SBRM Govt PG College, Nagaur, Rajasthan, India
4Department of Chemistry, SBRM Govt. PG College, Nagaur, Rajasthan, India
Woodfordia fruticosa L.. belonging to family Lythraceae is an ecologically as well as economically important shrub species of tropical dry mixed forests Woodfordia fruticosa L. is endemic to India. It is used as ingredient in many products for its medicinal values. At the same time, it is also used as a fermenting agent in Asava and Arishta (such as Dashamoolarishta). Present study report on the economic and medicinal uses of Woodfordio fruticosa. Woodfordio fruticosa can be categorised as an important minor produce as the entire plant has some or the other uses; to specify flower, inflorescence, leaves and barks particularly possess tremendous medicinal properties. Woodfordia is a accepted source of ayurvedic drugs throughout India. The flowers are acrid, astringent, styptic, depurative, utreine sadative, constipating, antibacterial, corrective of urinary pigments, febrifuge and alexeteric. They are useful in the conditions of kapha and pitta, leprosy, burning sensation, skindiseases, diarrhoea, dysentery, fever, headache, hemorrhoids, herpes, internal hemorrhage, leukorrhea, liver disorders, menorrhagia, ulcers, wounds. Juice of leaves are used in bilious sickness. They are also valued as a stimulant in pregnancy. Dried flower powder is used in ulcers and wounds to reduce the discharge and promote granulation. The extracts of Woodfordia fruticosa flowers showed the presence of carbohydrates, gums, flavonoids, sterols and phenolic compounds/tannins. Extracts and metabolites of this plant, particularly those from flowers and leaves, possess useful pharmacological activities. There is no adverse effect on usage of this plant. A wide range of chemical compounds including tannins (especially those of the macrocyclic hydrolysable class), flavonoids, anthraquinone glycosides and polyphenols are found in the plant, which renders Fire Flame Blush its pharmacological properties. The astringent properties of the herb are effective in treating skin disorders, superficial wounds and cuts. As a nervous central nervous system stimulant, Fire Flame Bush relieves depression and lethargy. This is bush is largely used in native medicine. This enters into the composition of many preparations, decoctions, churnas and ghritas for various diseases, but chiefly dysentery nd diarrhoea by reason of its being highly astringent22. The juice of its fresh flowers applied on the forehead, reduces the headache. Utilization profile and economics of the plant has been discussed, with some investigatory findings added therapeutic nuance have been dileneated in the preset manuscript. A comprehensive account of the chemical constituents and the biological activities is presented and a critical appraisal of the ethnopharmacological issues is included in view of the many recent findings of importance on this plant.
Keywords: Deciduous shrub; Ethnopharmacological issues; Febrifuge; Alexeteric; Stimulant; Tannin; Astringent; Oenothein B; HMQC; Flavonol glycosides; Antioxidant activity; DPPH; FRSA; RPHPLC; TBARS;TPC; Antifertility activity