Monday , 27 May 2024

Clinical pharmacist role in smoking cessation: current and future perspective -A prospective study

D. Meghavarna1, M. Bhargavi1, B. Sanjay1, Hina kousar1, M.Vinay1, K. Sai mahesh1, K. Prem Raj*2
1B. Pharmacy 4th year student, Saastra College of Pharmaceutical Educational and Research, Nellore, A.P, India

2Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Saastra College of Pharamaceutical Education and Research, Nellore, A.P, India

Int. J. Curnt. Tren. Pharm, Res., 2024, 12(1): 24-28

Background: Smoking remains a major public health concern worldwide, leading to a variety of the chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, respiratory problems, and cancer. Despite broad public awareness efforts and treatments, many people still struggle to quit smoking. Clinical pharmacists, with their specific training in drug management and patient counseling, are well-equipped to assist with the smoking cessation attempts. Aim and objective: To motivate and educate the patients about health risks through smoking cessation counseling by clinical pharmacist. To reduce the dependence of nicotine and to improve the health status for enhances the quality of life. At the end of the session participant will be able to quit the smoking. Materials and methods: It was a prospective observational study conducted in kim`s hospital nellore. The participants were followed up to 3 consecutive months to motivate and educate. The sample size was estimated using a descriptive stastitical analysis. Participants (n=66) were recruited based on  inclusion and exclusion criteria . Participants were counseled according to their nicotine dependence level determined by using FAGERSTROM TEST. Results: A total 66 nicotine addicted participants were enrolled for the study out of 66 , 6 were dropout so, 60 participants assessed. The higher number of nicotine dependence observed in age group of 21-30 yrs followed by 31-40 yrs  in both male & female among  them male are more effected . Regarding the outcome, we saw improvements between the pre and post-smoking cessations. The study shown a significant improvement in their ability to quit smoking at the conclusion   of   motivational   enhancement   counseling. Conclusion: Research has demonstrated the enormous impact that motivational enhancement counseling has on male smokers. Gaining a deeper comprehension of each smoker’s motivations is crucial to encouraging them and achieving desired outcomes.

Keywords: Clinical pharmacist, smoking cessation, Nicotine dependence, pharmacotherapy, healthcare issues intervention, comforting.

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