Bina Rani1, AC Kumawat2, VK Swami2, Raaz K Maheshwari*3
1Department of Chemistry & Environmental Engineering, Poornima College of Engineering, Jaipur, Rajasthan
2Department of Chemistry, Lohia Govt. PG College, Churu, Rajasthan, India
3Department of Chemistry, SBRM Govt. PG College, Nagaur, Rajasthan, India
A B S T R A C T
Preventing the occurrence of CVD with nutritional interventions is a therapeutic strategy that may warrant greater research attention. The increased use of omega ω-3 fatty acids is a powerful example of one such nutritional strategy that may produce significant cardiovascular benefits. Marine food products have provided the traditional dietary sources of ω-3 fatty acids. Flaxseed is an alternative to marine products. It is one of the richest sources of the plant-based ω-3 fatty acid, ALA. Based on the results of clinical trials, epidemiological investigations and experimental studies, ingestion of ALA has been suggested to have a positive impact on CVD. Because of its high ALA content, the use of flaxseed has been advocated to combat CVD. Amongst its other incredible nutrition facts, flax seeds are also packed with antioxidants. Lignans are unique fiber-related polyphenols that provide us with antioxidant benefits for anti-aging, hormone balance and cellular health. The purpose of the present review was to identify chemical constituents of flaxseeds and their exemplary therapeutic usage with special reference to ALA and, just as importantly, what is presently unknown.
Keywords: ALA (α-linoleic acid/ω-3 fatty acid), Lignans, CVD, Phytoesterogens