Friday , 24 January 2020

Impact of Clinical Pharmacy Based Patient Education on type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

B. Sampath Naik*, M. Mounika, K. Madhavi, P. Veerendra, N. Sravani, Dr. T. Rajavardhana
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Balaji College of Pharmacy, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh-515002, India

A B S T R A C T
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a severe medical and social problem that affects patient’s general well being. Despite of the advances in understanding the disease and its management, the morbidity and mortality rate are in rise. Poverty, non-compliance, lack of knowledge and poor follow ups are the factors observed in poor glycaemic control Health related quality of life includes an individual’s physical health, psychological health, social and role functions and state of general well being. Good glycaemic control can reduce the complication and thereby improve the quality of life. Health related quality of life includes an individual’s physical health, psychological health, social and role functions and state of general well being. Good glycaemic control can reduce the complication and thereby improve the quality of life. The Knowledge, assessment, practice (KAP) questionnaire is used to assess the patient’s knowledge regarding the disease. The improvement in the KAP is achieved at the end of the study by giving counseling to patients by the pharmacists. Scientific studies have suggested that, the counseling has shown positive impact on health and decrease the mortality and morbidity. The present nine month study also demonstrated the positive influence of patient counseling on knowledge, attitude and practices, various domains of quality of life and clinical and physiological parameters of diabetes mellitus. The study concluded that chronic diseases like diabetes affect the quality of life of patients and the education has a major role in improving the health care outcomes like glycaemic control and quality of life. The study also concluded that the Telugu version of F & P QLI instrument is reliable and valid to assess the quality of life in diabetes, which is similar to that of the original version in construct.
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Good glycaemic control, clinical and physiological parameters

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