Friday , 25 September 2020

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SOME NOVEL SUBSTITUTED CHALCONE DERIVATIVES

About author:
P. Sudheer Kumar
Narayana Pharmacy College, A.P, India
E-mail: psudhir11@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Chalcone is an aromatic ketone that forms the central core for the variety of important biological compounds, which are collectively known as chalcones. The name chalcones was given by Kostanecki and Tambor. The chalcones, two aromatic rings are linked by an aliphatic three carbon chain which bears a very good synthon so that variety of novel heterocyclics with good pharmaceutical profile can be designed. Chalcones have been considered as a magic moiety possessing myriad spectrum of medicinal activities. Diversity of biological response profile has attracted considerable interest of several researchers across the globe to explore this skeleton for its assorted therapeutic significance. By using different synthetic methods new chalcone derivatives were synthesized and characterized by physicochemical analysis. Chalcone is a lead nucleus for future developments to get effective compounds.
Key words: Chalcone, Naphthalene, Benzaldehyde, Anisaldehyde, Veratraldehyde, Ethanol.
INTRODUCTION :
The chemistry of chalcones has generated intensive scientific studies throughout the world. Especially interest has been focused on the synthesis and biodynamic activities of chalcones. Chalcone is an aromatic ketone that forms the central core for the variety of important biological compounds, which are collectively known as chalcones (Hasse Kromann, Simon Feldbaek et al., 2004).
The name chalcones was given by Kostanecki and Tambor. The chalcones, two aromatic rings are linked by an aliphatic three carbon chain which bears a very good synthon so that variety of novel heterocyclics with good pharmaceutical profile can be designed. These are α, β unsaturated ketone containing reactive keto ethylenic group –CO-CH=CH- and are coloured compounds because of the presence of the chromophore. –CO-CH=CH- , which depends on the presence of the other auxochromes (Jing-Ru Weng et al., 2005).
Chlacones and their derivatives find application as artificial sweeteners, scintillator, polymerization catalyst, and fluorescent whitening agent, and organic brightening agent, stabilizer against heat, visible light, ultra-violet light and aging. The chalcones have been found useful in elucidating structure of natural products like hemlock tannin, cyanomaclurin, plorethin, erodictyol and homo eriodictyol, naringenin (Kale and A.V et al., 1985).
Certain chalcones derivatives are reported to inhibit the polymerization of tubulin to form microtubules and are therefore ant mitotic agents which can be used as anti gout agents. Chalcone derivatives are also known to inhibit the destructive of myelin sheath in the central nervous system to multiple sclerosis patients and thus useful in controlling the progressive nature of the disease (Maayan Shmuel et al., 2005). 
EXPERIMENTAL SECTION :
1. Synthesis of 3-(4-chloro-phenyl)-1-(napthalen-2-yl) prop-none
To a solution of 2-acetyl naphthalene (0.01) is taken in a beaker and 4-chloro benzaldehyde (0.01 mol), ethanol, 40% potassium hydroxide was added. The reaction mixture was stirred continuously at room temperature up to 35 min until salt precipitate was formed. The solid obtained was recrystallized from glacial acetic acid and dried (Biopharm Bull et al., 1997).
2. Synthesis of 3-(phenyl)-1-(naphthalene-2yl) prop-none
To a solution of 2-acetyl naphthalene (0.01) is taken in a beaker and benzaldehyde (0.01 mol), ethanol, 40% potassium hydroxide was added. The reaction mixture was stirred continuously at room temperature up to 42 min until salt precipitate was formed. The solid obtained was recrystallized from glacial acetic acid and dried (Tommy et al., 1998).
3. Synthesis of 3(-4-methoxy-phenyl)-1-(naphthalene-2-yl) prop-none
To a solution of 2-acetyl naphthalene (o.o1) is taken in a beaker and anisaldehyde (0.01 mol), ethanol, 40% potassium hydroxide was added. The reaction mixture was stirred continuously at room temperature up to 35 min until salt precipitate was formed. The solid obtained was recrystallized from ethanol and dried (Elliott.Jr. et al., 1987).
4. Synthesis of 3-(phenyl)-1-(naphthalene-2yl) pent-3, 5-diene-1-one
To a solution of 2-acetyl naphthalene (0.01) is taken in a beaker and cinnamaldehyde (0.01 mol), ethanol, 40% potassium hydroxide was added. The reaction mixture was stirred continuously at room temperature up to 57 min until salt precipitate was formed. The solid obtained was recrystallized from glacial acetic acid and dried (Bloney W.M. et al., 1990).
5. Preparation of 3-(3-4-dimethoxyl phenyl) 1-(naphthalene-2yl) prop-none
To a solution of 2-acetyl naphthalene (o.o1) is taken in a beaker and veratraldehyde (0.01 mol), ethanol, 40% potassium hydroxide was added. The reaction mixture was stirred continuously at room temperature up to 60 min until salt precipitate was formed. The solid obtained was recrystallized from glacial acetic acid and dried (H.A.Ghulikah et al., 2003).
RESULTS & DISCUSSION :
The present study explains the synthesis and characterization of some novel chalcone derivatives at present studies find the structural-activity relationship (SAR) and to optimize the structure. The synthesized chalcone derivative characterized by IR spectral analysis. The purity of the synthesized chalcone derivative was checked by (TLC) thin layer chromatography and the solvent system was found to be [CHCl3: CH3OH: C6H6 (6:3:1)], the Rf value was recorded.
1. IR spectral data of 3-(4-chloro-phenyl)-1-(napthalen-2-yl) prop -none
The IR spectrum of the compound I was recorded on FTIR spectrometer by KBr method. It shows band set 2973cm-1, 1661cm-1, 850cm-1 correspondence to aromatic C-H (stretch), prop none (C=O), aromatic (C-Cl), respectively.
2. IR spectral data of 3-(phenyl)-1-(naphthalene-2-yl) prop-none
The IR spectrum of the compound II was recorded on FTIR spectrometer by KBr method. It shows band set 2973cm-1, 1662cm-1 correspondence to aromatic C-H (stretch), prop none (C=O),  respectively.
3. IR spectral data of 3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-1-(naphthalene-2-yl) prop-none
The IR spectrum of the compound III was recorded on FTIR spectrometer by KBr method.
It shows band set 2973cm-1, 1661cm-1, 1560cm-1 correspondence to aromatic C-H (stretch), prop none (C=O), aromatic(C-O-C), respectively.
4. IR spectral data of 3-(phenyl)-1-(naphthalene-2-yl) pent-3, 5-di-ene-1one
The IR spectrum of the compound IV was recorded on FTIR spectrometer by KBr method. It shows band set 2973cm-1,correspondence to aromatic C-H (stretch), prop none (C=O),respectively.
IR spectral data of 3-(3, 4-dimethoxy-phenyl)-1-(naphthalene-2-yl) prop none
The IR spectrum of the compound V was recorded on FTIR spectrometer by KBr method. It shows band set 2973cm-1, 1559cm-1 correspondence to aromatic C-H (stretch), prop none (C=O), aromatic (C-O-C), respectively. 
CONCLUSION :
By this study concluded that to find the structure-activity relationship (SAR) and to optimize the structure of the synthesized new chalcone derivative. The compound was characterized by IR, spectral data, the purity of the compound was checked by TLC and it produces good yield. The compound was confirmed by physicochemical and spectral data analysis.

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