Chelladurai Muthumari*1, Jeyaraman Amutha Iswarya Devi2, N. Venkateshan3
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Arulmigu Kalasalingam college of Pharmacy, Anand Nagar, Krishnankoil-626126, Tamil Nadu, India.
A B S T R A C T
Medicinal plants, medicinal herbs, or simply herbs have been identified and used from prehistoric times. Plants make many chemical compounds for biological functions, including defense against insects, fungi and herbivorous mammals. Over 12,000 active compounds are known to science. Hybanthus enneaspermus Linn F.Muell (Violaceae) is a herb or a shrub distributed in thetropical and subtropical regions of world and occurs mostlyin the warmer parts of India. The deficiency & excess ofessential micronutrients and trace toxic metals can cause serious effects on health. The plant is popularly known as Ratanpurus (Hindi) and Orithal thaamarai (Tamil). Traditionally the plant is used as anaphrodisiac, demulcent, tonic, diuretic, in urinary infections, diarrhea, cholera, leucorrhoea, gonorrhea, dysuria, inflammation and sterility. The plant has also been reportedto have anti-inflammatory, antitussive, antiplasmodia l,antimicrobial, and anticonvulsant activity. Plants alter the elemental distribution and metal accumulation to a large extent without toxic effects in response to environmental stress.
Keywords: Ionidium enneaspermum, Ionidium suffruticosum, Ladies slipper, Orithal thamarai, Pharmacological studies, phytochemical screening, Spade flower.