About author :
V.T.Chamle*, P.Solapure, Dr. R.A. Hajare
Research Scholar, Post Graduate Department of Pharmaceutics
Shri BSPM’S B. Pharmacy College Ambajogai, Dist. Beed, Maharashtra, India
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad.
Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata) was used traditionally in the Americas and later in Europe as a calming herb for anxiety, insomnia, seizures, and hysteria. Passionflower is a hardy woody vine that grows up to 10 m long and puts off tendrils, enabling it to climb up and over other plants in the rainforest canopy. It bears striking, large white flowers with pink or purple centers. The flowers gave it the name passionflower (or flower of passion) because Spanish missionaries thought they represented some of the objects associated with the crucification of christ. The vine produces a delicious fruit which is about the size of a large lemon, wrinkling slightly when ripe. Passionflower, called maracuja in the Amazon, is indigenous to many tropical and semi-tropical areas from South America to North America. There are over 200 species of passionflower vines; the most prevalent species in the Amazon are Passiflora edulis and Passiflora incarnata.
Key words: Passiflora incarnata, Passiflora edulis, Passiflora incarnata, Maracuja