Soorya R*, Dhamodaran P, Duraisamy B
Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytopharmacy, JSS College of Pharmacy, Ooty, Tamil Nadu
JSS University, Mysuru, Karnataka
A B S T R A C T
Solanum torvum Swartz (family: Solanaceae) is commonly known as turkey berry. This plant is found in tropical Africa, Asia and South America. S. torvum, is an important medicinal plant in tropical and subtropical countries. It is widely used like food and in folk medicine around the world. Traditional medicinal uses of S. torvum were recorded in the Ayurveda and Chinese pharmacopeia. The present review covered the plant morphology macroscopically, the chemical constituents and the pharmacological properties of S. torvum. This has included therapeutic effects of the whole plant and its extracts, fractions and isolated compounds. Antimicrobial, anti-ulcerogenic, antiviral, anti-platelet aggregation, antioxidant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, systolic blood-pressure modification, cytotoxic and other activities have all been described through previous research studies carried out using different in-vitro and in-vivo bioassay techniques. This supported the claims of the therapeutic utility of the species.
Keywords: Solanum torvum Swartz, Solanaceae, food, folk medicine, therapeutic utility.