Sunil Singh*, Inamullah, Jyoti rai, Nisha choudhary, Surabhi sharma
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Invertis Institute of Pharmacy, Invertis University, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India
Department of Pharmacognosy, Invertis Institute of Pharmacy, Invertis University, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India
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Carissa Carandas Linn. (Karaunda) is a widely used medicinal plant by tribals throughout India and popular in various indigenous system of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani and Homoeopathy. All parts of the plant are used in traditional medicine. Traditionally the plant has been used in the treatment of scabies, intestinal worms, pruritus, biliousness and also used as antiscorbutic, anthelmintic. The notable biological activities reported are analgesic, anti inflammatory, anti pyretic, cardiotonic and histamine releasing. A higher gross heat value of this species indicates its higher potential to be used as good fuel source .The plant is also an alternative source of oil, hydrocarbon and phytochemicals. This review presents a detailed survey of the literature on phytochemistry, traditional and biologically evaluated medicinal uses of C. carandas.
Key words: Carissa carandas, Phytochemical constituents, Traditional uses, Pharmacological properties