Suruchi Samparna Acharya*, R. Maneesha, A. Sai Kiran, P. Venkatesh
Jagan’s College of Pharmacy, Jangalakandrika, Muthukur, Nellore, A.P, India
Biosensor is a device that detects, records or transmits physiological data, especially data concerning the presence of chemical compounds (analytes) with the help of biological material such as microorganisms ,enzymes. This review discusses the components, biosensing and biotransducer elements, various types of biosensors such as enzyme based , tissue based , immuno sensors, optical sensors etc., and applications of biosensors in various fields such as medical, plant biology and clinical sector. Biosensors and their role in medical science including in the saccharification process to detect precise glucose concentrations, rapid detection of human papilloma virus, etc. are important aspects. Also the recent advances in biosensor technology like Nano biosensors.
Keywords: Biosensors, human papilloma virus, biosensing and biotransducer elements