Thursday , 29 July 2021

Widely Available Nature’s Gift of Indigenous Plants, Herbs and Fruits and Their Uses in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Traditional Medicine: an Exclusive Review of Importance

Subha Ganguly1*, Arpita Padhy1, Satarupa Roy2
1Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Arawali Veterinary College, Jaipur Road, V.P.O. Bajor, Sikar, Rajasthan, India
2Department of Biotechnology, Techno India University, Salt Lake, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

A B S T R A C T
The present review summarizes the wide use of various plant extracts and herbal fed additives in a specific dose during the scheduled vaccination regimen may be helpful in obtaining higher protective antibody against different infections including production and development of more effective cell mediate immune response for protection against various bacterial, viral and other diseases. Herbal formulation may be therefore recommended for use as positive immunomodulator in normal and immunocompromized susceptible animals and birds. However, more sufficient researches are in demand to be carried out to establish the medicinal facts of the mentioned indigenous plants and fruits. In infants, use of neem oil is fatal. Some disadvantages of neem includes miscarriages, abortions and infertility. Although, American Cancer Society recommends the centella herb for having anticancerous properties, but research in this regard are in progress. Preliminary experimental animal researches have proved that the papaya seeds have potential contraceptive and abortifacient effect, but is non-teratogenic for the presence of phytochemicals in it. Many herbal plant preparations are prescribed to strengthen host resistance. Many useful plants fall under this category. They exhibit immunomodulatory activities. One such plant, Tinospora cordifolia, commonly called ‘Guduchi’ has been examined for its immunomodulatory properties. Guduchi means to rejuvenate dead cells. It is widely used in veterinary folk medicine and has also been claimed to be beneficial according to ‘Ayurveda’ for the cure of jaundice, skin diseases, diabetes, anemia, emaciations and various infections for its anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic and anti-allergic properties. It has also been reported that it improves the phagocytic and bactericidal activities in patients suffering from polymorphism in surgical jaundice.
Keywords: Medicinal plants, Herbal extracts, Fruit, Traditional medicine

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