Sunday , 19 May 2024

Evaluation of the Anti-Microbial Activity of Zea Mays Seeds

E. Rajani*, SK. Shabana, T. Harika, P. Meghana, K. Saipravallika, CH. Badrinath
Ratnam Institute of Pharmacy, Pidthapolur (V), Muthukur (M), Nellore (Dt), Andhra Pradesh–524343, India

 A B S T R A C T
The evaluation of maize extract as an antimicrobial agent has yielded promising results, showcasing its efficacy against a spectrum of bacterial strains, encompassing both Gram-positive and Gram-negative types. This efficacy is attributed to the presence of bioactive compounds within maize extracts, including phenols, flavonoids, and terpenoids. Laboratory tests, such as disc diffusion and broth dilution assays, have underscored the substantial antibacterial activity of maize extracts, evidenced by notable zones of inhibition and reductions in bacterial growth. Despite these encouraging findings, further research is indispensable to comprehensively grasp the antibacterial properties of maize extract and its practical applications. A thorough analysis of active compounds, their mechanisms of action, and optimal extraction methods is imperative for translating these findings into tangible benefits. Additionally, safety evaluations and toxicity assessments are paramount to ensure the suitability of maize extract for human and environmental use. With sustained investigation, maize extract stands poised as a sustainable and natural alternative to conventional antibacterial agents, potentially mitigating antibiotic resistance and fostering eco-conscious practices across diverse industries.

Keywords: Gram-positive,  maize, antibiotic, environmental, antibacterial agents

e-ISSN: 2349-9087 | Publisher: Pharma Research Library
W. J. Pharm. Biotech., 2024, 11(1): 17-21.

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