Dion-Laine Massiata1, Trebissou Jonhson Noel D2*, Lohoues Essis Esmel C 1, Sess E Daniel1
1Biochemistry Laboratory, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Félix Houphouët-Boigny, BP 582 Abidjan 22- Côte d’Ivoire.
2Pharmacodynamics Biochemical Laboratory, UFR Biosciences, Felix Houphouet Boigny University. PO Box, 582, Abidjan 22- Côte d’Ivoire.
A B S T R A C T
Evaluate the levels of minerals and trace elements of cocoa (Theobroma cacao) in Côte d’Ivoire. The study focused on cocoa collected in six production areas selected according to major national production regions. The samples were collected in cloth bags cretonne for the promote good aeration. This study allowed the determination of levels minerals and trace elements by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). The results obtained showed that the Iron was represented in large quantities (9, 71 mg / 100 g of cocoa). Copper and Zinc were represented in small quantities respectively 3, 12 and 4,42 mg / 100 g of cocoa. Regarding minerals, the results showed that Potassium and Phosphorus were represented in large quantities with respective maximum values of 637 and 623 mg/ 100 g of cocoa. Magnesium was represented in small quantities with a maximum value of 304 mg/ 100 g of cocoa. The cocoa of Côte d’Ivoire contains minerals and trace elements which involve systems that allow the body to fight against the harmful effect of oxidative stress and cardiovascular diseases.
Keywords: Cocoa (Theobroma cacao), minerals, trace elements, oxidative stress, cardiovascular diseases, Côte d’Ivoire.