Wednesday , 19 June 2024

Drumstick tree: A miracle for well-being and Socio-pecuniary diverse therapeutic applicability

Shailendra Patni1, Krishan Kumar Bijarnia2, Harsh Enaniya3Kailash Sharma4Bhanwar Lal5Raaz K Maheshwari*6
1Department of Zoology, Shree Tagore Mahavidayalya, Kuchaman City, Nagaur, Rajasthan, India
2Department of Chemistry, MSJ Govt. PG College, Bharatpur, Rajastha, India
3Rajiv Gandhi National Law University, Patiala, Punjab, India
4Department of Chemistry, Nishchay College, Nagaur, Rajasthan, India
5Department of Chemistry, Singhania University, Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan, India
6Department of Chemistry, SBRM Govt. PG College, Nagaur, Rajasthan, India

This review focuses on the detailed phytochemical composition, therapeutic applicability, along with pharmacological assets of different parts of this multipurpose tree. Reported studies in experimental animals and humans, although limited in number and variable in design, seem rigorously concordant in their support of therapeutic potential. Of importance is that various parts of this plant viz. the leaves, roots, seed, bark, fruit, flowers  and immature pods act as cardiac and circulatory stimulants, possess antitumor, antipyretic, antiepileptic, anti-inflammatory, antiulcer, antispasmodic, diuretic, antihypertensive, cholesterol lowering, antioxidant, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, antibacterial and antifungal activities, and are being employed for the treatment of different ailments in the indigenous system of medicine, particularly in South Asia. Of utmost importance is its ability to aid in the cure of those diseases without any side effects or allergic reactions commonly experienced with western medicines. Also, since dietary treatment is one of the core programs in treating systemic conditions like hypertension, diabetes, anaemia, kidney conditions & Blood Pressure, some forms of cancer, diabetes, AIDS, arthritis, rheumatism, asthma, ulcer, prostrate problems, erectile dysfunction, sexual virility, cholesterol control, syphilis and many others. Moringa combined the rare dual role as the ideal meal supplement and ideal medicine. Global industrialization and the increasing demand for environmental friendly products make moringa have great potential as a source of pharmaceuticals, dyes, biofuel, human food, animal and fish feed, and water purification products. Phytochemical analyses have shown that its leaves are particularly rich in K, Ca, P, Fe, vitamins A and D, essential amino acids, as well as such known antioxidants such as β-carotene, vitamin C, and flavonoids. Further research considering relevance to explore the potential of M oleifera’s various parts has to be emphasized. This has prompted scientific research by the WHO, universities and organizations who have verified and concluded on most of its diverse medicinal properties on an on-going basis.
Keywords: ROS, CVD, SOD, GTH, Diabetes, Water purification, Biodiesel, Quercetin-3-O-β-d-glucoside, Chlorogenic acid, Phenolic acids, Free radicals, Oxidative stress, Pathogenesis

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