Friday , 1 December 2023

A Study on Evalaution of Prescribing Pattern of Drugs used in Nephrology Department in a Tertiary care Hospital

Momidi Kaveri, P. Venugopalaiah, P. Pratyusha Ande, Y. Prapurna Chandra
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Ratnam Institute of Pharmacy, Pidathapolur (V&P), Muthukur (M), SPSR Nellore District – 524 346

A  B S T R A C T
Chronic kidney disease affects between 8% and 16% of the population worldwide and is often under recognized by patients and clinicians. The present study aimed to evaluate the prescribing pattern of drugs used in nephrology department in a tertiary care hospital. The prospective observational study was carried out for a period of 6 months. The study was conducted in a Nephrology department in a tertiary care hospital. A Total of 210 patients were enrolled in the study. The duration of renal disease includes 1-4 years duration renal disease patients were more 93(44.28%) as compared to other renal disease durations. Diabetes mellitus disease comorbid condition disease patients were more 74(35.23%) as compared to other comorbid conditions. Peritoneal dialysis patients were more 117(55.71%) as compared to other dialysis procedures. Calcium supplements prescribed patients were more 49(23.33%) as compared to other prescribed drugs. The regular education of the health care prescribers and dissemination of treatment guideline could facilitate rational use of drugs and adherence to treatment guidelines. The study concluded that most of the patients included in the study were suffering from chronic kidney disease. These may be due to their food habits, smoking, less exercise and poor health hygiene. Thus, CKD progression may differ depending on sex. Early recognition with timely initiation of treatment in collaboration with nephrologists will improve the care for CKD patients and the physicians play an important outcome in patients with CKD.

Keywords: Chronic kidney disease, peritoneal dialysis, regular education, Calcium supplements.

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