Sunday , 3 March 2024

A Review on the Taxonomy, Ethnobotany, Chemistry and Pharmacology of Solanum Lycopersicum Linn

Priya Shukla*1, Katyani Bajpai1, Shalini Tripathi1, Sunil kumar1Girendra Kumar Gautam2
1Rameshwaram Institute of Technology and Management, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2Bhagwant Institute of Pharmacy, Bhagwantpuram, Mujaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India

The Tomato is native to South America but growing in temperate climates worldwide. The tomato begins its colourful and varied history upon the coastal highlands of western South America, where it was being enjoyed by the native peoples for a long time. There are numerous vernacular names and a wide diversity of uses, it is chemically, genetically and geographically extremely variable and has been divided into three subspecies and several regional forms. The fruit is rich in lycopene, which may have beneficial health effects. Plants have been one of the important sources of medicines since the beginning of human civilization. There is a growing demand for plant based medicines, health products, pharmaceuticals, food supplements etc. The scientific basis for the statement that plants and their active constituents play an important role in the prevention diseases is continuously advancing. Recently, the leaves of tomato plant that contained several active compounds including alkaloid, steroid and flavanoid have been used for the treatment of variety of diseases and as anti-cancer, antioxidant and anti-gout. Because the wide traditional usage of solanum lycopersicum for treatment of diseases, in this review published scientific reports about the pharmacological properties of this plant were collected. Results of animal studies, as well as a phase I clinical study, have shown no indications of toxicity. Sufficient preclinical data are now available to justify controlled clinical studies.
Key words: Solanum Lycopersicum, Phytochemistry, Pharmacological Activity, Uses

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