Monday , 24 June 2024

Review on Solanum trilobatum Linn

Karunakaran Madhumitha*1, Jeyaraman Amutha Iswarya Devi2, N. Venkateshan3
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Arulmigu Kalasalingam College of Pharmacy, Anand Nagar, Krishnankoil-626126, Srivilliputtur (via) Tamil Nadu, India

Solanum trilobatum Linn. Is one of the important medicinal plant belongs to the Family: Solanaceae, order: Solanales and Genus: Solanum native to India and is found everywhere in Tamil Nadu. It is widely used as an Indian alternative system of medicines like Siddha, Ayurveda herbal medicines and natural home remedy for various conditions like asthma, respiratory problems, cough and cold. It is commonly called as purple fruited pea, eggplant or Thai nightshade and in Tamil as ‘Thudhuvalai’. This herb is a thorny creeper that grows in bushes. The entire stem and leaves contain thorns all over the plant. The flowers are purple in colour. S. trilobatum is reported to cure numerous diseases viz., Antimicrobial, Anti-diabetic, Hepatoprotective activity, Tuberculosis, Anti-inflammatory, Bronchial Asthma, Antitussive, Cold relief, Antioxidant, Anti-dandruff, Immunomodulatory activity, Anticancer, Phlegmatic Rheumatism, Cytotoxic, Ovicidal activity and Mosquitocidal activity. Phytochemical screening showed the presence of carbohydrates, sobatum, solasodine, tomatidine, disogenin, solainand tannins in leaf, whereas, stem possess carbohydrates, saponins, phytosterols, tannins, flavonoids and cardiac glycosides as major phytochemical groups.
Keywords: Climbing Brinjal, Pharmacological studies, Phytochemical studies, Solanum trilobatum, Thudhuvalai.

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