AICRP On Post Harvest Technology (ICAR), Department of Fish Processing Technology, Faculty of Fishery Sciences, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, 5, Budherhat Road, P.O. Panchasayar, Kolkata -700 094, West Bengal, India
Food-borne infections are caused by bacteria present in food. If bacteria become numerous and the food is consumed, bacteria may continue to grow in intestines and cause illness. Salmonella, Campylobacter, hemorrhagic E. coli and Listeria all cause infections. Food intoxication results from consumption of toxins (or poisons) produced in food by bacterial growth. Toxins released by bacteria cause illness in human beings. Common kinds of bacteria that produce toxins include Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium botulinum. In the case of Clostridium perfringens, illness is caused by toxins released in the gut after consumption of huge numbers of vegetative cells.
Key words: Bacteria, Food-borne infections, Toxins