Monday , 24 June 2024

Phytochemical screening and quantitative analysis of bioactive components in various extracts of Alternanthera sessilis linn Leaves

Lalitha Sree T*1 and Dr. K. Vijayalakshmi2
1Research Scholar, Department of Biochemistry, Bharathi Women’s College, Chennai–600108, Tamil Nadu, India.
2Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Bharathi Women’s College, Chennai-600108, Tamil Nadu, India.

The plant kingdom is a treasure house of structurally diverse phytochemical compounds. The green vegetable Alternanthera sessilis is used in medicine for various ailments. The phytochemical analysis of leaf extracts in ethanol, ethyl acetate and aqueous extracts of indigenous medicinally important vegetable Alternanthera sessilis was investigated. The phytochemical examination revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, terpenoids, phenol and carbohydrates. In quantitative analysis, the important bioconstituents such as alkaloids, flavonoids, phenolic compounds, tannins and saponins were tested in all the three extracts. The ethanolic extract showed highest amount of phytochemicals when compared with other extracts. This study provided the basis of the plant usage in traditional medicine.
Keywords: Alternanthera sessilis, Phytochemicals, Quantitative analysis.

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