Sunday , 21 July 2024

Physicochemical Characterization and Instrumental Analysis of the Siddha Mineral Drug Naga Parpam

R. Sahulhameed1, V. Velpandian2, M. Pitchiah Kumar2, B. Sathya1,S. Balasubramanian1V. Banumathi2
1Research Scholar, Post Graduate Department of Pharmacology, Government Siddha Medical College, Chennai, Tamilnadu-600 106, India.
2Faculties, Post Graduate Department of Pharmacology, Government Siddha  Medical College, Chennai, Tamilnadu-600106, India.

The aim of the present study was to standardize the physico-chemical traits of the Naga Parpam, a Siddha traditional drug for treating oligospermia so as to attain maximum benefit to the mankind. The organoleptic characters, physico-chemical characters like ash values, pH value, specific gravity, solubility were analyzed. The total ash value was found to be 27.2%w/w, acid insoluble ash value is 11.6%w/w and loss of drying at 105 ºc is 0.29 % w/w. The pH value is 9.6. The SEM analysis of the sample showed the presence of nano and. The quantitative analysis of the sample through EDAX revealed the content of Zinc, Carbon, Oxygen, Potassium, Iron, Chloride, Potassium, Calcium. The FT-IR spectroscopy applied in the mid infra-red region 4000 cm-1 to 400 cm-1 revealed the presence of functional groups like primary aliphatic amines, alcohols, alkynes, esters, carboxylic acids. The XRF of Naga Parpam revealed the elements like zinc, potassium, sulphur in oxide form as well as in elemental form. This study highlights the suitable application of modern standardizing techniques for bringing the herbal formulation into focus.
Keywords: Physico-chemical traits, ash values, SEM, FT-IR spectroscopy

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