Wednesday , 22 May 2024

A Study on Prevalence and Risk Factors of Depression

Vashista Kanakam, Karnakar Reddy Yalla*, Dr. B. Jaggadeesh Babu, Dr. B. Agaiah Goud
SRR College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Valbhapur (V), Elkathurthy (M), Warangal (U), Telangana State-505476.

Depression is a worldwide public health issue and it’s prevalence increases each year. It is essential to understand depression in order to prevent and treat depression. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of depression. A hospital based cross sectional study was carried out for six months. The prevalence and risk factors were evaluated. By calculating, the prevalence of depression was found to be 42.85% in a period of six months. The most affected age group was found to be in between 28-35 years. Family problems were found to be the highest cause of depression followed by stress, bereavement, financial issues etc. 28.5% of the patients were having suicidal tendency, 68.5% were not having suicidal tendency where 3% of them have already attempted suicide. By this study it was concluded that Prevalence of depression was found to be 42.34% in a period of six months. Females were more likely to be affected with depression when compared to that of males.
Keywords: Depression, Prevalence, Risk factors, Suicidal Tendency, WHO.

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