Tuesday , 16 April 2024

A Phytochemical and Pharmacological review on Terminalia arjuna

Bariya Aditi Hemrajbhai1*, Patel Madhabhai Manohardas2, Anand Indermeet Singh34Darji Vinay Chhanalal
1Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Kalol Institute of Pharmacy, B/h. Old Janpath Hotel, Kalol-382721, Gujarat, India.
2Principal & Director, Shankersinh Vaghela Bapu Institute of Pharmacy, Vasan, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
3Professor & Head, Department of Pharmacology, Shree Sarvajanik Pharmacy College, Mehsana, Gujarat, India.
4Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Sharda School of Pharmacy, Pethapur, Gandhinagar, Gujarat

Medicinal plants have been a major source of therapeutic agents to cure human diseases, since ancient time. Terminalia arjuna is one kind of widely used medicinal plant used in various indigenous system of medicine like Ayurveda, Sidda and Unani. This review has been conducted to pile up phytochemical as well as pharmacological information that is available in different scientific literatures. This plant has been reported to contain phytochemical constituents like Triterpenoids (arjunolic acid, arjunic acid, arjunin, terminic acid, etc.), Glycosides (arjunetin, arjunosides, arjunglycosides etc.), Flavonoids (Arjunone, arjunolone etc.), Tannins (casuarinin, gallic acid, pyrocatechols etc.), β-Sitosterol, Minerals (calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper etc.). which exhibit various pharmacological activities like Antimicrobial, Anti cancer, Cardioprotective, Anti fungal, Anti diabetic, Antioxidant, Anti inflammatory, Hypolipidemic, Anthelmintic, Insecticidal, Wound healing, Anti acne, Gastroprotective etc. The present comprehensive review is therefore an effort to give detailed information on phytochemical and pharmacological studies of T. arjuna.
Keywords:  Terminalia arjuna, Phytochemical, Pharmacological activities

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