1Smita V. Patil*, 3Pandurang B. Gaikwad, 2S. R. Vaidya, 2U. S. Patil, 2Savita D. Kittad
1Bharti vidyapeeth University Dental College & Hospital Sangli, India
2Dept. of Physiology, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Medical College & Hospital, Sangli, India
3Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mayni, India
Blood Group is Man’s complete & unchangeable identity. Blood groups are genetically determined. Blood group, bleeding time & clotting time are clinically useful tests, extensively used during blood transfusion, Platelet disorders & variety of forms of treatment in hospitals. Present study was conducted to assess the blood group distribution & its relationship with bleeding & clotting time in dental students. The study was conducted on 359 B.D.S students; to find out % distribution of ABO blood groups. Blood Groups were determined by direct agglutination method using Monoclonal ERYSCREEN Tulip Diagnostics Ltd. (India) kit against human A & B antigens. Bleeding time was estimated by Duke Method and clotting time was estimated by capillary tube method. Blood group ‘B’ is the most common blood group in both genders among the Dental students & ‘AB’ is the least common blood group. Also there is no statistically significant correlation between blood groups, bleeding & clotting time. Bigger multicentric study is suggested to verify the above findings.
Keywords: Blood Group, ABO blood groups, Rhesus (Rh) blood group, Percentage (%), Bleeding time (BT), Clotting time (CT)