Saturday , 13 July 2024

A Review of Pediatric Epilepsy

Kongi Kavyasudha*, Polisetty Kalyani, Ballavolu Sandeep, Katta Sridhar
Swathi College of Pharmacy, Venkatachalem, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

Epilepsy affects all ages groups. But for children, a variety of issues exist that can affect one’s childhood. Some epilepsy ends after childhood. Some forms of epilepsy are associated only with conditions of childhood that cease once a child grows up. Approximately 70% of children who have epilepsy during their childhood eventually outgrow it. There are also some seizures, such as febrile seizures, that are one-time occurrences during childhood, and they do not result in permanent epilepsy. Epilepsy is a brain condition causing a person to have seizures or fit. There are two main types of seizure: focal seizures (sometimes called partial seizures) and generalized seizures. Focal seizures affect only one side of the brain and generalized seizures affect both sides of the brain. Some children develop epilepsy as a result of their brain being injured in some way. This could be due to a severe head injury, difficulties at birth, or an infection which affects the brain such as meningitis. Most people with epilepsy take anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) to control their seizures. Although AEDs aim to stop seizures from happening, they do not stop seizures while they are happening, and they do not cure epilepsy.

Keywords: Epilepsy, seizures, pediatrics, anti-epileptic drugs

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