Saturday , 8 May 2021

Effects of Thonningia sanguinea (Balanophoraceae), a plant extract on broiler chickens (Hubbard race) in Côte d’Ivoire

Trébissou Jonhson Noel D1*, Bla Kouakou B1, Yapo Adou F1 and Djaman Allico J1,2 
1Pharmacodynamic Biochemical Laboratory, UFR Biosciences, University of Felix Houphouet Boigny, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22- Côte d’Ivoire.
2Laboratory of Basic and Clinical Biochemistry, Pasteur Institute of Cote d’Ivoire.

Abstract
Objective: To evaluate the effect of aqueous extract of Thonningia sanguinea on 1000 broilers (Hubbard race) raising for six weeks (from the 2nd week to the 7th week). The effect of this plant extract was felt on the weight, mortality rate and feed efficiency.
Methods: We arranged ​​two lots A and B of 500 chickens each. Lot A consisted of chickens following a normal dietary program, against chickens of Lot B each received 50 mL (10 g / L) of Thonningia sanguinea every morning in drinking water for six weeks.
Results: The chickens in Lot B had a weight gain which increased from 280 g to 2100 g with an average weight gain of 360 g per week. Chicken in lot A had weight increased from 150 g to 1200 g that is a weekly gain of 210 g. We recorded 2% (10 chickens) and 6% (30 chickens) deaths for Lot B and Lot A respectively .Lot B chickens consumed 28 bags of livestock feeds against 35 bags for lot A.
Conclusion: This plant should be recommended to poultry farmers especially in poor countries to prevent them from excessive spending. Thonningia sanguinea could be useful veterinary drugs.
Keywords: Thonningia sanguinea, broilers, Côte d’Ivoire. 

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