Shahnooshi Javad F* and Anita Dadollahi Sarab
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Krupandhi College of Pharmacy, Chikkabellandur Village, Varthur Hobli, Bangalore 560035, India.
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of your urinary system — your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Lower urinary tract infections are very common diseases. Recurrent urinary tract infections remain challenging to treat because the main treatment option is long-term antibiotic prophylaxis; however, this poses a risk for the emergence of bacterial resistance. Some options to avoid this risk are available, including the use of cranberry products. Approximately 1 dozen clinical trials have been performed testing the effects of cranberries on the urinary tract. However, these trials suffer from a number of limitations. This article reviews the methods in using cranberries as a preventive measure for urinary tract infections, including in vitro studies and clinical trials.
Keywords: Urinary Tract Infection, Cranberry, Mechanism of action, Prevention