About author :
Nagamani U*, Dr. Hindustan Abdul Ahad
B. Pharmacy, Balaji College of Pharmacy, Anantapur, AP, India
*E-mail: [email protected]
Children usually dislike taking drugs having bitter tasteso; to mask the unpleasant taste local anesthetics can be used. Mainly natural local anesthetics such as clove oil can be used. It can be used to mask the unpleasant taste by effecting on taste buds due to its local anesthetic property. Small quantity of Clove oil is placed on the tongue such that it produces the local anesthetic property on tongue so the taste buds loses its taste sensitivity, the drugs having unpleasant taste can be administered orally.
Key Words : local anesthetic, flavor, nature
Clove essential oil is extracted from aromatic dried flower buds of a tree Eugenia caryophyllata (also known as Syzygium aromaticum, Eugenia aromatic or E. carophyllus) belongs to the family Myrtaceae. Clove oil is known best for its anesthetic properties. It is widely reported to be effective, and prior to the availability of anesthetic drugs it was used by some dentists.
Chemical Composition :
The main chemical components of clove oil are eugenol, eugenol acetate, iso-eugenol and caryophyllene, other important essential oil constituents of clove oil include acetyl eugenol, beta-caryophyllene and vanillin; crategolic acid; tannins, gallotannic acid, methylsalicylate (painkiller), eugenitin, kaempferol, rhamnetin, triterpenoids like oleanolic acid, stigmasterol, campesterol and several sesquiterpenes.
Eugenol comprises 72-90% of the essential oil extracted from cloves; it is the compound most responsible for the cloves’ aroma.
Therapeutic Properties :
The therapeutic properties of clove oil are analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, anti-neuralgic, carminative, anti-infectious, disinfectant, insecticide, stomachic, uterine and tonic.
ANAESTHETIC AND ANALGESIC :
Eugenol is the principal chemical component of clove oil and is used in dentistry due to its analgesic, local anesthetic, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects. It is used in the form of a paste or mixture as dental cement, filler, and restorativematerial. Beta-caryophyllene, another component of clove oil has also been shown to exhibit local anesthetic activity.
ORAL USE :
Oil of cloves is known best for its anesthetic properties. It is widely reported to be effective, and prior to the availability of anesthetic drugs, was used by some dentists.
Clove oil is often used to relieve pain caused by dry socket, a possible complication of tooth extraction and also in toothache.
OTHER USES :
Clove oil can be used for acne, bruises, burns and cuts, keeping infection at bay and as a pain reliever. It helps with toothache, mouth sores, rheumatism and arthritis.
It is beneficial to the digestive system, effective against vomiting, diarrhea, flatulence, spasms and parasites, as well as bad breath.
Clove oil is valuable for relieving respiratory problems, like bronchitis, asthma and tuberculosis. The disinfecting property is useful in cases of infectious diseases.
Before taking the bitter drugs/substances orally, apply clove oil on tongue which masks the unpleasant taste by the local anaesthetic action on the taste buds so the tongue loses its taste sensitivity.