AICRP On Post Harvest Technology (ICAR), Department of Fish Processing Technology, Faculty of Fishery Sciences, West Bengal University of Animal And Fishery Sciences, 5, Budherhat Road, P.O. Panchasayar, Chakgaria, Kolkata–700094, West Bengal, India.
The semen extenders are evaluated based on the capacity to maintain the integrity of sperm plasma membrane subjected to hypo-osmotic conditions and capacity to maintain the viability of spermatozoa after in vitro storage. Semen extender is graded on its capability to protect spermatozoa, conserving motility and fertility over time by stabilizing the plasmalemma, providing energy substrates and preventing deleterious effects of changes in pH and osmolarity. The present article is constructed to provide the readers with a holistic review on various efficacious semen extenders used for preservation under experimental conditions.
Keywords: Extender, Fertility, Semen