K. Surendra*, C. Pooja, N. Sri Divya, D. Madhuravani
Rao’s College of Pharmacy, Chemudugunta, Venkatachalam, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh-524320
A B S T R A C T
Influenza is an acute respiratory disease caused by the influenza A or B virus. It often occurs in outbreaks and epidemics worldwide, mainly during the winter season. Significant numbers of influenza virus particles are present in the respiratory secretions of infected persons, so infection can be transmitted by sneezing and coughing via large particle droplets. Children have the highest rates of seasonal influenza infection and illness in this group can amplify viral transmission in the community. Current circulating influenza strain sin humans include influenza A (H1N1), influenza A(H3N2), and both influenza B viruses (B/Victoria and B/Yamagata).The best way to prevent influenza is to administer annual vaccinations. Among severely ill patients, an early commencement of antiviral treatment (<2 d from illness onset) is associated with reduced morbidity and mortality, with greater benefits allied to an earlier initiation of treatment. Given the significance of the disease burden, we reviewed the latest findings in the diagnosis and management of influenza.
Keywords: Influenza, Virus particles, Infection, Respiratory disease, Patients, Disease