Thursday , 29 February 2024

A Review on Study of Adverse Drug Reactions in Hospitalized Patients

Kiran Kumar Chemudugunta1*, Dr. Habib Habibuddin M2
1Research Scholar, Rayalaseema University, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India
2Chairman, Adept Pharma and Bio Science, Excellence Pvt. Ltd, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

ADRs are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in healthcare. Taking several drugs, whether prescription or over-the-counter, contributes to the risk of having an ADR. The number and severity of ADRs increases disproportionately as the number of drugs taken increases. Many definitions are applied for polypharmacy. Drug reactions that are misdiagnosed by the physicians as symptoms of a disease, requiring more medication. This condition may lead to either worsening of the ADR or putting patients at risk of new ADRs. Antihypertensives, Sedatives, Opioids, NSAIDs, Antiepileptics, for each benefit to come out of a medication there is always a possibility for some risks; benefits should always outweight risks for the purpose of providing the best treatment with the least number of medications at the most economic price.
Keywords: ADR, polypharmacy, symptoms of disease, risks and antihypertensives

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