Tuesday , 5 March 2024

A Review on Awareness Prevention and Management of Swine Flu

A. Bharath Kumar* B. Kumar, M. Sai Pavan, M. Gobinath, Sk. Karimulla
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Ratnam Institute of Pharmacy, Pidathapolur, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
Department of Pharmacology, Dr. K.V. Subba Reddy Institute of Pharmacy, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India

Swine Flu called as Swine Influenza, Hog flu, or Pig Flu, It is a Respiratory Disease of Pigs that is caused by an influenza virus. The First flu virus isolated from Pigs was influenza A H1N1 in 1930. This virus is a sub type of influenza for the composition of the proteins having the Hemagglutinin (H) and Neuraminidase (N) that form its viral coat. Since the 1930s three other sub Types of Flu viruses also have been Isolated from Pigs, Including H1N2, H3N1, and H3N2. The people infected with swine influenza virus Symptoms include such as Coughing, Runny Nose, and Congestion. Diarrhoea, Chills, and vomiting. Fever, cough, Sore throat, Body aches, Headache, and Fatigue. Swine influenza virus rarely causes Death in Humans. These close contacts are particularly common during Animal transport. The 2009 H1N1 virus is not zoonotic swine flu, as it is not transmitted from Pigs to Humans, And from Person to Person. Providing a clean and Dry Environment and keeping Infected Pigs Separate from Healthy Pigs are the Best Approaches to Controlling the Disease. The Antibiotics are Administered to Prevent the of Bacterial infection. The Antiviral Drugs includes Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and Zanamivir (Relenza) are Prescribed to reduce the severity of symptoms. The PCR Test method is used to diagnosing the Swine Flu.
Keywords: PCR, Neuraminidase, H1N2, H3N1, Infection, Zoonotic.

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