Bhanwar Lal Jat1, Rajesh K Yadav2, Deepmala2, Urmila Chaudhary3, Rajnee3, Manisha Mavai4, Raaz K Maheshwari*5
1Department of Botany, SBRM Govt. PG College, Nagaur, Rajasthan
2Department of Environmental Sciences, SS Jain Subodh PG College, Jaipur, Rajathan
3Department of Physiology, Sampurna Nand Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
4Department of Physiology, M G Medical College, Jaipur, Rajastan, India
5Department of Chemistry, SBRM Govt. PG College, Nagaur, Rajasthan
Prunes, also known as dried plums, are one of the healthiest food s known to be useful in relieving constipation, but offers more benefits than just this. Prunes are rich in a many nutrients, minerals and vitamins. It has a rich collection of vitamins A and K, fibres. Prunes are filled with a lot of antioxidants which protect the body from unwanted radicals or toxins. Much of the antioxidant power of prunes can be attributed to the high levels of hydroxycinnamic acids they contain. The hydroxycinnamic acids present in prunes include neochlorogenic and chlorogenic acids, both of which appear to be highly effective at scavenging free radicals. In addition to hydroxycinnamic acids, prunes and plums are rich in anthocyanins, flavonoid pigments with strong antioxidant properties. Prunes are rich in fibre which helps in proper digestion of food, removing the unnecessary substances which in turn cause weight gain and stomach bloating. Prunes are quite good for our digestion, the friendly bacteria in our body and our intestines. Prunes are considered to be very good for our heart. This is because they reduce cholesterol level in our body. Prunes reduce heart diseases and chances of getting any heart strokes or heart attacks. Prunes help to reduce cholesterol in our body as it contains the health omega 3 and other nutrients required by our heart. There have been recent studies that prunes help in the absorption of minerals like Fe in the body. Prunes have a well-deserved reputation as an aid to regularity. Prunes sound more upscale when called dried plums, but their gastrointestinal actions are the same by any name. Dried plums are rich in phytonutrients namely chlorogenic and neochloregenic acid. The high amount vitamin C helps in increasing immunity and aids formation of collagen, which then aids in supporting the development and maintaining of strong as well as healthy tissue. Sorbitol occurring in prunes absorbs into the bloodstream more slowly than glucose, which gives it more time to absorb water from the intestine. This might contribute to the laxative effect of prune juice.
Keywords: Hydroxycinnamic acids, Vitamin C, Laxative, Gastrointestinal actions, Dihydroxyphenyl, isatin,