Thursday , 13 May 2021

Zika Virus- A Globally Threatening Illness

1K.V. Swathi Krishna*, 2K.B. Chandra Sekhar
1Dept. of Pharmaceutics, Saastra College of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Nellore, A.P, India.
2JNTUA, Director, OTPRI, Ananthapuramu, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Zika fever is an illness caused by the Zika virus, is a member arbovirus of the virus family Flaviviridae and the genus Flavivirus, transmitted by daytime-active Aedes mosquitoes, such as A. aegypti and A. albopictus. Symptoms are similar to other flaviviruses such as dengue fever or the alphavirus chikungunya, but are milder in form and usually last four to seven days. Most cases (60–80%) are asymptomatic. In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infection in Brazil. The outbreak in Brazil led to reports of Guillain-Barré syndrome and pregnant women giving birth to babies with birth defects and poor pregnancy outcomes. There is currently no vaccine, but development is a priority of the National Institutes of Health. The virus is spread by mosquitoes, making vector control and avoidance an essential element to disease control.
Keywords: Zika fever, Zika Virus, Aedes mosquitoes, PAHO

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