Monday , 6 February 2023

Review on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

M. Dhansya*, Nilsha Anil, R. Ramprasad, N. Venkateshan and J. Amutha Iswaraya Devi
Department of Pharmacy, Arulmigu Kalasalingam College of Pharmacy, Anand Nager, Krishnankoil-626126.

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This research deals with PCOD (polycystic ovary syndrome) is a complex and heterogeneous disorder. It is the most common endocrine disorder of reproductive women. Worldwide 8-20% suffering by polycystic ovary syndrome and main cause of PCOD is infertility. Person who sufferings from PCOD are often obesity and will have Hirsutism, excessive facial, body hairs and this may cause excessive thickening of endometrium and heavy, irregular bleeding, infrequent menstrual cycles. The increased androgen producing blocks subsequent ovulation and cause the existing follicle to undergo degeneration or atresia. Over many years, endometrial cancer may result due to the continuous stimulation of the endometrium by estrogen unopposed by progesterone which is only produced if ovulation occurs. The typical medical history is that of irregular menstrual cycles, which are unpredictable and can be diagnosis by vaginal ultra sound method, pelvic exam, physical exam, and also can be by testing blood. This diagnosis can be confirmed by vaginal ultrasound which shows both the ovaries are enlarged, the bright central stroma is increased and there are multiple cysts in the ovaries. Acne will be form while ovary production COD also associated with glucose and insulin dysfunction, resulting in obesity, risk of diabetes, hypertension, high blood pressure, and this research describes the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, control, and prevention of PCOD in detail.

Keywords: PCOD, atresia, heterogeneous disorder

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