Tuesday , 25 January 2022

Review on Pediatrics Brain Tumor

K. Kavya Sudha*, B. Sandeep, P.V. Durga Seshu Priya, K. Ramesh Babu, K. Sridhar
Swathi College of Pharmacy, Venkatachalem, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

Brain tumors are one of the most devastating diseases faced by modern medicine. The brain and spinal column make up the central nervous system (CNS), where all vital functions of the body are controlled. When tumors arise in the central nervous system, they are especially problematic because a person’s thought processes and movements can be affected. Brain tumors are the most common solid tumor among children under 15 year of age. Pediatric brain tumors represent about 20% of all childhood cancers. Two broad types of cancers occurring within this system- Primary tumor originate in the central nervous system, whereas secondary tumors migrate from cancers located elsewhere in the body. Secondary, or metastatic, brain tumors, are more common than primary brain cancers. Brain tumors account for a high percentage of morbidity and mortality in children. It is treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery.

Keywords: Pediatric Brain Tumors, Benign, Malignant, Gliomas, Carcinoma

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