Sunday , 15 May 2022

Review on Diabetes and Its Medication

Yellanki Krishnaveni*1, Sathish Adapa2
1Vathsalya College of Pharmacy, Bhongir, Nalgonda, Telangana -507
2Assistant Professor, Mother Theresa Pharmacy College, Sanketika Nagar, Kothuru Village, Sathupally, Telangana 507303.

Diabetes mellitus is one of the chronic metabolic disorders. It causes number of complications like retinopathy, neuropathy and peripheral vascular infections. In the worldwide, nearly 2.8% of the population suffers from this disease and it may cross 5.4% by the year of 2025. Oral hypoglycaemic agents like sulphonyl ureas and biguanides are used for the management of diabetes, but they have some side effects so interest is growing on usage of herbal medicines. In Indian systems of medicine, nearly 100 medicinal plants are used for treatment of diabetes. Phyto-constituents like Alkaloids, Flavanoids, Coumarins etc. responsible for antidiabetic activity. In this review focuses out of large no of herbal drugs stated posses to anti-diabetic activity, some of the medicinal plants like Abelmooschus esculantus, Bidens pillosa, Carcia papaya, Catharanthus roseus, Ficus racemosa, Gongronema latifolium, Michella champaca, Oreocinide integrifolia, Ruellia tuberose Tammarindus indica, with their phtyo-constituents and other pharmacological effects.
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Sulphonyl ureas, Hypoglyceamic, Medicinal plants.

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