Tuesday , 25 January 2022

Dietetic Corollary & Revitalizing Wealth of Green Tea for Conviviality & Cheerfulness

Priyanka Singh1, Sabiha Khan2 , Rajnee3, Bhanwar Lal Jat4, Neetu Singh5,  CR Chaudhary6, Raaz K Maheshwari*7
1Department of Pharmaceutical Science, MDU, Rohtak, Haryana, India
2Department of Zoology, Govt PG College, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
3Department of Physiology, SNMC, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
4Department of Botany, SBRM Govt PG College, Nagaur, Rajasthan, India
5Department of Biotechnology, Vasundhara, Mewar University,, Ghaziabad, UP, India
6Pro-President, Mewar University, Gangrar, Chittorgarh, Rajasthan, India
7Department of Chemistry, SBRM Govt PG College, Nagaur, Rajasthan, India

Green tea has many health benefits, some have been proven and some may just be folklore. Just like black tea, it comes from the Camellia sinensis plant. Some of the various chemical compounds in green tea: polyphenols and flavonoids; alkaloids, such as caffeine and theobromine; carbohydrates; tannins; minerals, such as F and Al  are higher than black tea because the fermentation process alters their composition of all the different polyphenols, one seems to stand out above the rest. Epigallocatechin gallate is a very powerful antioxidant and is believed to be an important player in the therapeutic qualities of green tea. Along with the natural fluoride found in tea, polyphenols and catechins are associated with killing bacteria that cause tooth decay, bad breath, and gum disease-the number one cause for tooth loss. The catechins found in tea prevent cell mutation, deactivate certain carcinogens, and reduce the formation and growth of tumors. It’s thought that tea helps diminish bone loss through antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity . Additionally, tea’s health-promoting properties are thought to suppress the breakdown of bone while increasing the amount and activity of bone building cells. Evidence is still inconclusive in this area, but it’s thought that the catechins found in tea, specifically green tea, create thermogenesis-the production of heat within the body which is related to burning calories. For people who are at-risk for developing cancer, it might be a worthwhile avenue to pursue.  The strong antioxidant potential of catechins, and especially EGCG, are widely demonstrated in vitro and in animal studies. In addition, catechins possess antimutagenic, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antiviral properties.  Recent human studies suggest that green tea may contribute to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and has another beneficial effect on health.  Although research of green tea is very promising, future studies considering dietetic, environmental and life style factors, are necessary to fully understand its contribution to human health.
Keywords:Antioxidant activity, EGCG; HDL, LDL, Metalloenzymes, Glucose tolerance, Insulin sensitivity,  Cytotoxicity, Polyphenols, Catechins FRAP assay,  Lipid peroxidation

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