K. Surendra*, P. Suneel, S. Vamsi Krishna, CH. Penchal kumar
Rao’s College of Pharmacy, Chemudugunta, Venkatachalam, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh-524320
A B S T R A C T
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a cause for global concern due to the current and potential impact on global population health. However, in developing countries like India, recent hospital and some community based data showed increase in burden of antimicrobial resistance.AMR may create patient burden, and onward effects to healthcare system or society, occurs when procedures that utilise antimicrobials to reduce the risk of post-intervention adverse events (such as surgical procedures utilising prophylactic antibiotics) are performed less frequently due to AMR increasing the risk of adverse events. The present review describes that antimicrobial resistance in india and mechanism of AMR, factors affecting the AMR. Recent data from Google search, Medline and other sources were collected which was reviewed and analyzed by the authors. Hospital based studies showed higher and varied spectrum of resistance in different regions while there are limited number of community based studies at country level. The aims of the mapping exercise are to understand the current situation of AMR, with particular focus on ABR in India, and to identify the current research gaps to determine the future research priorities in India.
Keywords: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), Patient, Hospital, India, Healthcare system