K. Surendra*, T. Shamitha Goutham, D.E. Praisy Jessica, K. Sri Pragathi Reddy
Rao’s College of Pharmacy, Chemudugunta, Venkatachalam, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh-524320
A B S T R A C T
Personalized medicine sometimes referred to as precision or individualized medicine is an emerging field of medicine that uses diagnostic tools to identify specific biological markers, often genetic, to help assess which medical treatments and procedures will be best for each patient. Personalized medicine does not mean creating medicines or medical devices unique to a patient, but rather the consideration of patient characteristics to optimize pharmaceutical treatment and overall care. This includes the ability to segment individuals into subpopulations that differ in their susceptibility to a particular disease, their response to a specific treatment, or the nature or origin of their disease. Personalized medicine allows preventive or therapeutic interventions to be focused on those most likely to benefit, sparing expense and side effects for those who are not. Personalized medicine combines patients genomic information with their family history, Lifestyle and environmental factors to make better prediction about their risk for disease or response to prescription drugs and tailor treatments for improved health.
Keywords: Personalized medicine, Precision, Individualized medicine, Treatment, Disease, Therapeutic interventions