Tharunasree, B. Kumar*, P. Kiranmayee
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Ratnam Institute of Pharmacy, Pidathapolur, Nellore -524 346, A.P
A B S T R A C T
This study aim to evaluate prevalence rate of type II diabetes mellitus in males and females and the prescription pattern for type 2 Diabetes mellitus patient. The current objective of study is to screen the prescription trends in type2 diabetes mellitus patients. In this study, 180 cases were collected in which determines OADDS therapy were administered for type II DM patients rules out generic or essential drug prescribing. The study was Simple Prospective observational study which was carried out for a period of six months. The patients were collected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. The results will be analyzed. In this study 180 cases involving OADDS administration were included. Maximum numbers of patients were in the age group of 41- 60 years (48.33%) and among 180 cases, males constituted 90 (50%) and females 90 (50%). Out of 180 patients 102 patients (66.27%) patients were found suffering with co morbid concurrent illness hypertension followed by cardio complications associated (HTN-IHD, HTN-CAD, OTHERCOMORBIDITIES). The percentage of patients on anti-diabetic immunotherapy (80, 44.44%), dual-therapy (68, 37.78 %), triple therapy (32, 17.78 %). The study reveals that human insulin preparation is the most prescribe in 40 patients (22.22 %). The study have shown that majority of patients with type-II DM were managed insulin immunotherapy as well the current prescribing trends of oral anti-diabetic drugs strategies achieved. The drug-drug interactions deserve clinical attention and management by clinical pharmacist interventions. The management of concurrent illness (i.e. co morbid cardio-complications more ratios associated with type-2 DM hypertension angina MI CCF arrhythmias).Clinical effectiveness of therapy is influenced by prescriber agent selection and therapy changes as well patient’s adherence with prescribed drug regimens.
Key words: Prescription, Type 2, Diabetes mellitus, patients, doctors