SHENENI Victor Duniya1*, MAMUDU Collins Ojonugwa1, ADAMU Danjuma Adamu1, OKPE John Mathias1, SHAIBU Isaac Eleojo1, USMAN Oman Salifu2
1Department of Biochemistry, Kogi State University, Ayingba, Nigeria.
2Department of Chemistry, Kogi State University, Ayingba Kogi, Nigeria
Carica papaya is an important medicinal plant used in the management of different disease conditions. Phytochemical screening was carried out using different chemical test, Percentage yield and total phenolic content was evaluated using Folin Ciocalteu method in different solvent system; methanol, ethanol, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and n-hexane respectively. The phytochemical screening of the studies showed the presence of flavonoids, saponins, tannins, terpenoids, glycosides, steroids, carbonhydrate, anthraquinone and alkaloids. The percentage yield of crude extract and total polyphenol content was high in methanol, ethanol and ethyl acetate when compared with n-butanol and n-hexane. The studies show that Carica papaya leave extracts is a potent source of secondary metabolites. The use of the plant in the management of diseases is justified.
Keywords: Carica papaya, Phytochemicals, Percentage, Total Polyphenol.