P. Karunakar1*, B. Ganga Rao2, Madathala Sreekanth3
1University College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam.
2Professor, University College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam.
3Research Scholar, Ratnam Institute of Pharamacy, Pidathapolur, Nellore.
A B S T R A C T
The present research work focused on pharmacognostic and phytochemical analysis of Zanthoxylum Armatum leaves. Zanthoxylum armatum commonly known as kondakasmi belong the family of Rutaceae. In pharmacognostic study to identify the calcium oxalate crystals in Zantoxylum armatum leaves. The phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of Phytosterols, alkaloids, glycosides, tannins, carbohydrates and triterpenes. For the observation of chemical constituents to performed to the TLC. The spots obtained on the TLC plate were observed in the U.V chamber initially and then by using the spraying reagent the spots were observed and reported. Zanthoxylum armatum leaves are extracted with methanol, hexane and ethyl acetate. Each individual extract it produce the different biological activity. These leaves are possess the several biological activities such as antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti diabetic activities. The present work describes that anti diabetiv activity of zanthoxylum armatum leaves. Ethyl acetate extract of Zanthoxylum armatum showed good anti-diabetic activity against metformin.
Keywords: Zanthoxylum armatum, phytochemical, pharmacognostic, anti diabetic activity, calcium oxalate, ethyl acetate.