OGOLODOM, MICHAEL PROMISE1, UGWU, ANTHONY CHUKWUKA2, OHAGWU, CHRISTOPHER CHUKWUEMEKA3, UDOH, BENJAMIN EFFIONG4, AKANEGBUE, UBAKA EDWIN5, AKHIGBE, ROBERT OZIEGBE6
1Radiology Department, Braithwaite Memorial Specialist Hospital Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria,
2, 3,5,6Radiography and Radiological Sciences Department, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Anambra State, Nigeria.
4Department of Radiography and Radiological Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar Cross Rivers State, Nigeria.
Background and Aim: Paranasal sinuses are air-filled hollows within the facial bones around the nasal cavities. Sinuses pathologies ranging from inflammatory diseases to neoplasm. The predisposing factors of paranasal sinuses pathologies include but not limited to; tobacco smoking, exposure to cold and alcohol consumption. This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between these pathological occurrence and personal habits among participants referred for CT in Port-Harcourt, Nigeria. Materials and methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study. Data used for this study were obtained using both capture sheet and questionnaire. Approval for this study was also obtained and patient’s consent was properly sought. The examinations were performed on general electric CT machines. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics with significance level set at P<0.05. Results: Sinusitis 55.95%(n = 47) was highest and osteoma 1.19% (n=1) was the least. Maxillary sinuses were highly involved 47.72% (n=42). Males were 60% (n=18) and females 40% (n=12). Non-smokers 56.57% (n = 17) and smokers 43.33% (n=13). Alcohol consumers 66.66% (n = 20). There was no statistical relationship between PNS pathologies occurrence and smoking status(p=0.094),but there were statistical significant relationships between alcohol, air condition usage and living environmental conditions at p=(0.007, 0.000 and 0.000) respectively. Conclusion: sinusitis was the most prevalent pathology in this study. Male preponderance was noted. There was no statistical significant relationship between smoking histories and occurrence of PNS pathologies, but there were statistical significant relationships between other variables evaluated and PNS pathological occurrence.
Key words: Paranasal sinuses, Pathology, CT, Sinusitis, Habits.