Palanivela, P. Rajkumar*b and K. Subramanic
aDepartment of Chemistry, Government Arts College (Men) (Affiliated to Periyar University, Salem) Krishnagirii-635001, Tamilnadu, India.
bDepartment of Chemistry, Priyadarshini Engineering College (Affiliated to Anna University, Chennai), Vaniyambadi-635751, Vellore District, Tamilnadu, India.
cPG & Research Department of Chemistry, Islamiah College (Affiliated to Thiruvalluvar University, Vellore), Vaniyambadi-635752, Vellore District, Tamilnadu, India.
A B S T R A C T
Isoquinolinium Dichromate (IQDC) is a new versatile reagent for selective oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols under mild conditions. It also oxidizes vicinal and nonvicinal diols to the corresponding α-hydroxy carbonyl compounds. The oxidation of pentaamminecobalt (III) complexes of α-hydroxy acids by Isoquinolinium Dichromate (IQDC) in micellar medium yielding nearly 100% of carbonyl compounds and 100% Co(II) are ultimate products. In this reaction the rate of oxidation shows first order kinetics each in [Co(III)] and [IQDC]. The unbound α-hydroxy acids yield about 100% of carbonyl compounds in presence of micelles. The rate of oxidation of Co (III) complexes of both bound and unbound α- hydroxy acids are enhanced more in the presence of non-ionic micelle of Polysorbate 80, when compared to the anionic micelle of Sodium lauryl Ether Sulphate (NaLES) and cationic micelle of Benzethonium Chloride (BTCl). The 1 mole of cobalt (III) complexes of α-hydroxy acids reacts with nearly 0.5 mole of IQDC, similarly 1 mole of α-hydroxy acids reacts with nearly 1 mole of IQDC. A mechanism consistent with kinetic data is proposed.
Keywords: Isoquinolinium Dichromate (IQDC), α-hydroxy acids, Micelles, Stoichiometry.