Raaz K Maheshwari*1, MM Abid Ali Khan2, MK Pandey3, Sabiha Khan4, Bhanwar Lal5, Bhanwar Lal Jat6, Upma Singh7, Bina Rani8
1Department of Chemistry, SBRM Govt PG College, Nagaur, Rajasthan, India
2Department of Botany, Shia PG College, Lucknow, UP, India
3Department of Zoology, LNV, Hafizpur, Chapra, Bihar, India
4Department of Zoology, Govt PG College, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
5Department of Chemistry, Singhania University, Zhunzhunu, Rajasthan, India
6Botany, SBRM Govt PG College, Nagaur, Rajasthan, India
7Department of Applied Chemistry, School of VSAS, GBU, Greater Noida, Gautam Budha Nagar, India
8Department of Engineering Chemistry & Environmental Engineering, PCE, Sitapura, Rajasthan, India
From time immerorial and historical perspective, it’s evident that affluent stockroom of traditional therapeutic lashing medication is well documented and enthralling in ancient literature. This review paper focuses on the detailed phytochemical composition, therapeutic applicability, along with pharmacological assets of Drum stick, multipurpose tree. Different parts of this plant contain a profile of important minerals, and are a good source of protein, vitamins, β-carotene, amino acids and various phenolics. The Moringa plant provides a rich and rare combination of zeatin, quercetin, β-sitosterol, caffeoylquinic acid and kaempferol. In addition to its compelling water purifying powers and high nutritional value. Various parts of this plant such as the leaves, roots, seed, bark, fruit, flowers and immature pods act as cardiac and circulatory stimulants, possess antitumor, antipyretic, antiepileptic, antiinflammatory, antiulcer, antispasmodic, diuretic, antihypertensive, cholesterol lowering, antioxidant, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, antibacterial and antifungal activities, and are being employed for the treatment of different ailments in the indigenous system of medicine, particularly in South Asia. Global industrialization and the increasing demand for environmental friendly products make moringa have great potential as a source of pharmaceuticals, dyes, biofuel, human food, animal and fish feed, and water purification products. Dietary consumption of its part is therein promoted as a strategy of personal health preservation and self-medication in various diseases. The enthusiasm for the health benefits of M. oleifera is in dire contrast with the scarcity of strong experimental and clinical evidence supporting them. Fortunately, the chasm is slowly being filled. Reported studies in experimental animals and humans, although limited in number and variable in design, seem rigorously concordant in their support of therapeutic potential. Phytochemical analyses have shown that its leaves are particularly rich in K, Ca, P, Fe, vitamins A and D, essential amino acids, as well as such known antioxidants such as β-carotene, vitamin C, and flavonoids. By using Moringa seeds people will no longer be depending on expensive means originating from the West. Using Moringa to purify water replaces chemicals such as Al2 (SO4)3, which are dangerous to people and the environment, and are expensive. Further research considering relevance to explore the potential of M olifera’s various parts has to be emphasized.
Keywords: ROS, Antioxidants, Free radicals, SOD, GTH, Oxidative stress, Pathogenesis, CVD, Diabetes, Water purification, Biodiesel, Quercetin-3-O-β-d-glucoside, Chlorogenic acid, Phenolic acids.