Pragati Khare*1, 2Kamal Kishore, 1Pranit Saraswat, 1Ritesh Kumar Tiwari and 3 Noopur Khare
1Department of Pharmacy, Shri Ram Murti Smarak (C.E.T), Bareilly, U.P, India.
2Department of Pharmacy, M.J.P. Rohilkhand University, Bareilly, U.P, India.
3Institute of Engineering and Technology, Department of Biotechnology, Lucknow, U.P, India.
A B S T R A C T
Mosquitoes are the main vectors that are responsible to transmit various diseases, causing mortality and the development of resistance to chemical insecticides which ultimately results in rebounding vectorial capacity. These diseases could be prevented by using herbal plant extracts. In this study, the role of larvicidal activity of ethanolic extract leaf and stem of Ocimum sanctum against Anopheles subpictus Grassi and Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles (Diptera: Culicidae). It was concluded from the study that the ethanolic extract of leaves and stem of Ocimum sanctum could be used as an effective larvicidal agent as it is an ecofriendly method for the control and management of Anopheles subpictus and Culex tritaeniorhynchus.
Keywords: Larvicidal, eugenol, Anopheles subpictus and Culex tritaeniorhynchus