Wednesday , 30 September 2020

Biodegradation of Textile Azo Dyes using Fungi

ABOUT AUTHOR
Ms. R. Priya Dharshini and *Dr. V. Judia Harriet Sumathy 
Postgraduate & Research Department of Biotechnology, Women’s Christian College, Chennai–600006, India

Abstract
Dyes are widely used in the Textile, rubber product, paper, printing, color photography, Pharmaceuticals, Cosmetics and many other industries. Amongst these, azo dyes represent the largest and most versatile class of synthetic dyes. Textile dyes enhances the quality of human lifestyle on an extent. Nowadays, there are more than 100,000 commercially available dyes with over 7.105 tons of dyestuff produced annually. Textile industries are found in most countries and their number had been increased. A large number of dyes are azo compounds (-N-N-), which are linked by an azo bridge. These dyes are poorly bio-degradable because of their structures and treatment of wastewater containing dyes usually involves physical and / or chemical methods such as adsorption, Coagulation, flocculation, Oxidation, filtration and electrochemical methods. The present study was undertaken to isolate and characterize fungi from soil sample. The synthetic dyes used in textile industry causes hazardous effect in the environment. By using certain fungi, eco – friendly degradation of azo dyes can be carried out to remove toxicity and thus can help in keeping the environment free from pollution.
Keywords: Ethanol, Camellia sinensis extract (CSE), RBCs, Hb%, PCV, TLC

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