Nouioua Wafa a and Gaamoune Sofiane b*
aFaculty of Natural Life and Sciences, University Ferhat Abbas Setif, Algeria.
bNational Institute of Agricultural Research–Setif –Algeria.
A B S T R A C T
Boutaleb is one of the principal mountains in the Eastern side of the Hodna chains (Algeria). It rises between 980 and 1886 m. It soil is lime stoned. The bio-climate varies between semi-arid and sub-humid according to the height. The analysis of the floristic diversity has revealed the existence of 367 taxa, which belong to 56 families and 226 genera with 32 endemic taxa. The random sampling were used during the harvesting to choose nine species for testing their biological powers. The antioxidant properties were evaluated through the ability of the extract to scavenge DPPH radicals, the antimicrobial activity was tested with three bacterial strains and one yeast (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC25923, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 , Bacillus subtilis ATCC6633 and Candida albicans ATCC1024) and the anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated with proteins denaturation test. The results show that Ebenus pinnata was the most antioxidant extract with IC50 equal to 12,25±2,80 μg/mL, no interesting results were found concerning the antimicrobial activity but anti-inflammatory power of Asparagus altissimus in low concentrations was found.
Key words: Antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, Boutaleb, flora.