A.N. Swethasree*, S.Bhargavi, C.Anjali Sukanya, B.Chakrapani, H.Abdul Ahad, V.Sreedhar,
Department of pharmacology, Balaji College of Pharmacy, Ananthapuramu
Mosquito-borne diseases, including malaria, Japanese encephalitis (JE), lymphatic filariasis and dengue, are major public health concerns in the Andhra Pradesh, deterring equitable socioeconomic and industrial development. Among these, malaria and JE are the predominant infections and are spread across the state. The incidence of malaria is, however, gradually receding, with a consistent decline in cases over the past few years, although entry and spread of artemisin in-resistant Plasmodium falciparum remains a real threat in the country. Control of these diseases requires robust disease surveillance and integrated vector management on a sustained basis, ensuring universal coverage of evidence-based key interventions based on sound epidemiological data. This paper aims to present a comprehensive review of the status of vector borne diseases in. Andhra Pradesh and to address the key challenges. One of the most common problems associated with the poorly designed landfills and poorly managed solid waste is that it leads to attraction of large number of vectors such as female Anopheles, which is responsible for the proliferation of breeding sites of mosquitoes causing Vector borne diseases such as Malaria. The present study was carried out through survey and conducted for about 250 houses in six prone areas of vectors in Vijayawada. These areas mainly included Lakshmi nagar, subhash road, old town, chandrababu naidu kottal,Rani nagar, kakkalapalli areas around government hospital etc.. Here identification of vectors was carried out in fresh water, drains, drainage using sampling techniques. This helped in detection of mosquitoes. Subsequently control measures were carried out in peri-domestic places.
Keywords: Malaria, Vector born disease, Anopheles.