Ms. Ancilla Senoretta B & Dr. V. Judia Harriet Sumathy
Postgraduate & Research Department of Biotechnology, Women’s Christian College, Chennai – 600 006.
A B S T R A C T
Traditional medicine has a long history of serving people all over the world. India is without doubt a herbal hub. Medicinal plants that are native to India and their use in various traditional systems of medicine are indeed awe-inspiring. The Ethnobotany of ubiquitous plants provides a rich resource for natural drug research and development. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines traditional medicine as “the sum total of the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures, whether explicable or not, used in the maintenance of health as well as in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of physical and mental illness”. Ethnobotany, the study of traditional human uses of plants, is recognized as an effective way to discover future medicines. In 2001, researchers identified 122 compounds used in modern medicine which were derived from traditional plant sources; 80% of these have had a traditional use identical or related to the current use of the active elements of the plant. The present study is aimed at studying the Antioxidant, Antimicrobial and Anticancer activity of Crude extract and Carotenoid pigments of selected Fruits, Vegetables and Flowers and identify their pivotal role in combating dreadful diseases in the field of Medical Science.
Keywords: Traditional Medicine, Ethnobotany, Fruits, Vegetables and Flowers